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The African Energy Commission (AFREC) is an organ of the African Union in charge of ensuring, coordinating and harmonising the protection, conservation, development, rational exploitation, commercialisation and integration of energy resources in the African continent. AFREC was created in July 2001 in Lusaka by the African Presidents, and is hosted by People's Democratic Republic of Algeria.

AFREC went under in 2008 after the ratification of the convention by more than 15 member states. Currently, 33 out of 54 countries had deposited their instruments of ratification, and 49 countries had signed the convention.

AFREC was officially launched on 17 February 2008, in Algiers, at the end of a Conference of African Ministers in charge of Energy.

AFREC was mandated by convention to "design, create and set up an energy continental database and facilitate rapid dissemination of information and exchange of information among member states, as well as among the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and Regional Power Polls (RPPs) around Africa".